Aerial photography as a technique first emerged in France. Interestingly, however, two American citizens are responsible for the oldest surviving aerial photo taken in 1860. The photo was taken from a height of 630 meters and is a depiction of Boston.
Aerial photography is best defined as the art of taking photographs of the ground from an airborne platform including both traditional and modern platforms. For example, the earliest aerial photos were taken using balloons, kites, and fixed wing aircraft.
While these are still in use, new modern platforms are in use now including helicopters and drones which are quite popular among modern photographers.
A defining feature of aerial photos is their high degrees of radial distortion; straight lines may appear as curved lines. This means that the topography is slightly altered which in turn means that any measurements taken from the aerial photo have a significant degree of … Read the rest